目录

Pteface
Acknowledgment
CHAPTER 1 Introduction
1.1 Classification of carbon materials
1.2 Nanotexture of carbon materials
1.3 Microtexture of carbon materials
1.4 Specification of carbon materials
1.5 Construction of the present book
References

CHAPTER 2 Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis and Formation
2.1 Synthesis of carbon nanotubes
2.2 Formation of carbon nanotubes
2.2.1 Formation into yarns
2.2.2 Formation into sheets
2.2.3 Formation into sponges
2.3 Applications of carbon nanotubes
2.4 Concluding remarks
References

CHAPTER 3 Graphene: Synthesis and Preparation
3.1 Preparation through the cleavage of graphite
3.2 Preparation through the exfoliation of graphite
3.2.1 Preparation using graphite oxides
3.2.2 Preparation using graphite intercalation compounds
3.3 Synthesis through chemical vapor deposition
3.4 Synthesis through the organic route
3.5 Preparation through other processes
3.6 Concluding remarks
References

CHAPTER 4 Carbonization Under Pressure
4.1 Carbonization under built-up pressure
4.1.1 Setup for carbonization under pressure
4.1.2 Optical texture and carbonization yield
4.1.3 Particle morphology
4.2 Carbonization under hydrothermal conditions
4.3 Carbonization under supercritical conditions
4.4 Concluding remarks
4.4.1 Temperature and pressure conditions for carbonization
4.4.2 Composition of precursors for the formation of carbon spheres
References

CHAPTER 5 Stress Graphitization
5.1 Graphitization under pressure
5.1.1 Structural change in carbons
5.1.2 Mechanism
5.2 Graphitization in coexistence with minerals under pressure
5.2.1 Coexistence with calcium compounds
5.2.2 Coexistence with other minerals
5.2.3 Mechanism for acceleration of graphitization
5.3 Stress graphitization in carbon/carbon composites
5.3.1 Acceleration of graphitization
5.3.2 Mechanism
5.4 Concluding remarks
5.4.1 Graphitization under pressure
5.4.2 Occurrence of graphite in nature
5.4.3 Stress graphitization in carbon/carbon composites
References

CHAPTER 6 Glass-Iike Carbon: Its Activation and Graphitization
6.1 Activation of glass-like carbon
6.1.1 Glass-Iike carbon spheres
6.1.2 Activation in a flow of dry air
6.1.3 Activation in a flow of wet air
6.1.4 Activation process _
6.1.5 Direct observation of micropores
6.1.6 Two-step activation
6.2 Graphitization of glass-like carbons
6.2.1 Graphitization through melting
6.2.2 Graphitization under high pressure
6.2.3 Graphitization in C/C composites
6.3 Concluding remarks
References

CHAPTER 7 Template Carbonization: Morphology and Pore Control
CHAPTER 8 Carbon Nanofibers Via Electrospinning
CHAPTER 9 Carbon Foams
CHAPTER 10 Nanoporous Carbon Membranes and Webs
CHAPTER 11 Carbon Materials for Electrochemical Capacitors
CHAPTER 12 Carbon Materials in Lithium-ion Rechargeable Batteries
CHAPTER 13 Carbon Materials in Photocatalysis
CHAPTER 14 Carbon Materials for Spilled-oil Recovery
CHAPTER 15 Carbon Materials for Adsorption of Molecules and lons
CHAPTER 16 Highly Oriented Graphite with High Thermal Conductivity
CHAPTER 17 Isotropic High-density Graphite and Nuclear Applications
INDEX